Before I built a wall I’d ask to know
What I was walling in or walling out… Robert Frost
Having recently finished building (well almost) Crane Mountain Cottage (photos on my web sight: RVJart.com, look under related links), it is time to start planning some landscape and garden design. Specifically I have been thinking of building a dry laid (no mortar) stone wall to separate the driveway from what will be the front garden. This is a traditional New England way to build walls. They were a way to use all of the stone left in the soil after the glaciers retreated. Since all of Vermont was agricultural in the past there are thousands of miles of walls across the landscape. If you dig or plow the soil here you can’t help but unearth field stone. The easiest thing for the farmers to do was build walls with all the stone both to delineate property lines and fields and keep in animals.
This method of building walls came over from Europe with the settlers. It is very suitable here with the movement of the ground due to frost. With no mortar used it allows the walls to shift slightly with the seasons. These walls lend a sense of time and history to the landscape. Since Vermont has substantially reforested over the last century most of the walls are in deep forest now. I call it a hand-wrought landscape. To me it is an aesthetically pleasing juxtaposition of the man-made and natural.
This wall will unite the home site to the surrounding landscape and provide a focal point to the entrance and future garden. Even when newly built they are old and connect us to ancient history.
So here is the plan:
- wall dimensions-2’x3’x50’=300 cubic feet of stone
- 15 c.f.= 1 ton of stone
- 300 c.f./15 c.f.=20 tons of stone
- average 3 stone per c.f. = 900 stones total
- @10 per day = 90 days gathering stone
- separate driveway from garden
- provide design element and focal point
Here are a few links to poetry using stone walls as subject and/or metaphor: